A Star is Born

Today I was thinking about stars.  Because…well, doesn’t everybody?  So I did a little reading to brush up on my knowledge of the life cycle of the star.  Since we see so many stars in the sky, we may think of them as commonplace.  But some pretty extraordinary stuff happens during a star’s lifetime.  

Baby Stars

A star is born when a large cloud (light years across) collapses under its own gravity.  Very cold temperatures soon warm up as atoms “fall” toward the center, growing closer together and rubbing against each other.  Some of the generated heat remains trapped inside.  The temperature and pressure ignite nuclear reactions.

Active Stars

The nuclear reactions produce fusion.  The star works at turning hydrogen into helium.  It produces energy.  All the heat and light we receive from the sun come from these fusion reactions.

Dying Stars

Eventually a star runs out of hydrogen to burn.  When this happens, a variety of deaths await the star – depending on its size.  Smaller stars “burn out,” cool down, shed outer layers (such as the red giant shedding a new nebula seen below.)  Larger stars end in supernovae explosions, sometimes forming black holes.

 

Advertisements

1 Comment

  1. Yes actually, just this morning I too was thinking of stars. 🙂 I was up early and stepped outside to a clear star studded sky. Jupiter was bright, not far from Big J was a waning crescent moon, a gorgeous view. Gemini, Orion, and Sirius were within my gaze as well. A beautiful moment on the porch, then had to get going.

    Nice post.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s